Ear infection is common in children yet could happen at any age. The major symptoms are earache and feeling unwell. These infections often divided into three types which are acute otitis media (AOM), otitis media with effusion (OME), and otitis externa also known as swimmer’s ear. Otitis externa happens in the ear canal. You might hear an infection of the middle ear referred to as “acute otitis media”. Ear infections could impact both the inner ear and outer ear. This article refers the information introduced in WebMD.
In this article, you will discover:
Ear Infection Symptoms
The symptoms of different types of ear infections are rather similar. When it comes to a middle ear infection symptoms, it usually starts 2-7 days after the beginning of a cold or other upper respiratory infection. The onset of ear infection symptoms and signs is often rapid. The ear infection symptoms in children might include:
• Ear pain, from mild to severe, particularly when lying down
• Pulling or tugging at an ear
• Difficulty sleeping
• Fever of 100 F (38 C) or even higher
• Crying more than usual
• Drainage from the ear that is yellow and thick or bloody. That means the eardrum might be burst. The hole in the eardrum usually heals by itself in several weeks.
• Grumpy behavior, vomiting, and loss of appetite
• Loss of balance
The symptoms of fluid buildup might contain:
• Ringing, popping or a feeling of pressure or fullness within the ear. Children often have difficulty in describing this feeling. They might rub their ears in trying to relieve pressure
• Trouble hearing. Children with hearing problems might seem inattentive or dreamy, or they might appear cranky or grumpy.
Even some children do not have any symptoms.
On the other hand, the common ear infection symptoms in adults contain:
• Ear pain
• Diminished hearing
• Drainage of the fluid from the ear
Risk Factors And Causes Of Ear Infections
There are some certain factors or exposures that could enhance the potential risk of ear infections. These contain:
• Family history: children with parents who had regular ear infections tend to have higher risk
• Age: children under 3 years old are more susceptible to the ear infections
• Colds or allergies: stuffy noses might also result in more frequent ear infections
• Birth defects and medical conditions
• Bottle-fed babies or those babies using a pacifier. Babies are particularly more susceptible when fed whilst lying down. The more likely to suffer from ear infection in their first year.
• People with weakened immune systems as well as previous history. Those children with ear infection before their six months or age tend to have a higher risk of ear infections in the future. The persistent fluid behind ears also makes children more prone to get ear infection.
• Day care: kids in the childcare centers are prone to get ear infections.
Another factor that could make a child more susceptible to ear infection is to expose to cigarette smoke. Those kids living in the same house with smokers or traveling in autos with smokers who are exposed to second-hand smoke tend to be prone to get ear infections. Second-hand smoke could result in fluid build-up in the middle ear, causing reduced hearing and more regular ear infections.
When To See A Doctor?
The ear infection symptoms and signs could indicate several conditions. It is crucial to get an accurate diagnosis and prompt remedy. You had better call the doctor for your child or yourself if:
• The ear infection symptoms last for more than 1 day
• Ear pain is severe
• Your kind is sleepless or irritable after a fever or cold or other upper respiratory infection
• You realize a discharge of fluid, or bloody discharge from the ears
The best way to prevent ear infections is to avoid smoking or being around smoke, to be up to date on the recommended vaccinations, vigilant hand washing especially during the flu and cold season. Also, appropriate nutrition and rest are crucial as well.
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